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Top 5 causes of plaque on teeth

Top 5 causes of plaque on teeth

Created: September 22, 2022 | Updated: March 29, 2024

Dental plaque is a soft, sticky deposit on your teeth that can affect your teeth in various ways. It is the cause of common problems such as cavities, gum disease and tooth erosion. In this blog, we discuss the different causes of plaque.

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How does plaque form?

Dental plaque is formed by leftover food particles, bacteria, carbohydrates and saliva in the mouth, which together form dental plaque. Bacteria in the mouth convert sugar into acids, which attack tooth enamel and cause tooth erosion, with possible consequences such as holes, inflamed gums and tooth loss.

The cause of extreme dental plaque

Extreme plaque is caused by inadequate dental care and can lead to tartar and serious dental problems such as tooth decay and tooth loss and tooth loss.

Food particles and bacteria

One of the main causes of plaque is the presence of food debris in the mouth, especially after eating sugary or starchy foods. When these food residues are not properly removed by brushing and flossing, bacteria in the mouth can feed on these residues and multiply. These bacteria form a sticky layer on the teeth, which eventually becomes plaque.

Sugars and carbohydrates

Bacteria in the mouth convert sugars and carbohydrates from food into acids. These acids attack tooth enamel and eventually cause tooth decay and plaque formation. Foods high in sugar and carbohydrates, such as soft drinks, sweets and white bread, can promote plaque growth.

Poor oral hygiene

Insufficient brushing and flossing leaves food debris and bacteria on the teeth and along the gum line. As a result, plaque can easily form and accumulate, especially in hard-to-reach places. A lack of regular dental checkups and professional cleanings can also contribute to plaque accumulation. Brush twice daily with an electric brush and floss or use toothpicks daily.

cause plaque on teeth

Smoking

Smoking can weaken the immune system and reduce saliva production, making the mouth less effective at removing food debris and bacteria. Moreover, smoking can reduce blood flow to the gums, making them more prone to inflammation and plaque formation.

Genetics

Some people naturally have a higher risk of developing plaque than others because of genetic factors that affect the composition of their saliva and tooth enamel. For example, people with a genetic predisposition to dry mouth or weak tooth enamel are at increased risk of plaque formation.

Cognising plaque on teeth

  • Rough teeth: Plaque feels rough when you run your tongue over your teeth.
  • White or yellow deposits: Dental plaque is white or yellow in colour and can be found in various places on your teeth, especially along the edges of the gums.
  • bleeding gums: Dental plaque can gum inflammation cause your gums to become red, swollen and bleeding.
  • Bad breath: The bacteria in plaque can cause bad breath.

Tooth plaque causes dental problems

Dental plaque causes dental problems by attacking tooth enamel, resulting in tooth erosion, cavities, inflamed gums and tooth loss. Dental plaque corrodes tooth enamel if not addressed. This, in turn, can lead to Acid Wear: the enamel becomes weaker. This can lead to cavities, inflamed gums and, in severe situations, decayed teeth. Fortunately, there are several measures you can take to remove plaque. For example, with the complete plaque removal package!

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  • plus iconRemove plaque and tartar
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Frequently asked questions

Plaque on teeth is caused by food particles, which, together with bacteria, carbohydrates and saliva, create a deposit on your teeth. And that can lead to all kinds of dental problems.

Extreme plaque on teeth is caused by neglect of dental maintenance. People who do not brush and floss electrically or insufficiently, eventually face dental problems. Not visiting a dentist or dental hygienist can also lead to extreme dental plaque, or tartar.

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