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The most common dental problems: Tips to avoid!

The most common dental problems: Tips to avoid!

Created: September 26, 2022 | Updated: March 22, 2024

In our modern, busy lifestyles, it is important to pay attention to our oral health. After all, we are constantly using our teeth to bite, chew, talk and laugh. Good oral hygiene is therefore crucial to prevent dental problems.

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Common dental problems

Tooth plaque

Dental plaque is like a layer of food particles, saliva and bacteria on your teeth. This can lead to tartar and worse oral problems. Want to know more about plaque? In this blog, you can read more about what exactly plaque is.

  • Symptoms: White deposits on the teeth, sensitive gums, bad taste in the mouth.
  • Causes: Inadequate brushing and flossing, too many sugary foods.
  • Treatment: Regular brushing and flossing, professional cleaning by the dentist.
  • Prevention: Good oral hygiene, fluoride toothpaste, sugar-free chewing gum.

Tooth decay

Tooth decay is the most common problem that dentists will treat. It happens because of a build-up of plaque on the teeth. Dental plaque eventually converts sugars into acids, which then eat away the enamel, leaving holes in the tooth. Read more about the causation of cavities here.

  • Symptoms: Pain, sensitivity, discolouration of the teeth.
  • Causes: Dental plaque, sugary foods, poor oral hygiene.
  • Treatment: Fillings, crowns, root canal treatments.
  • Prevention: Good oral hygiene, fluoride toothpaste, limit sugar.

Sensitive teeth

Tooth sensitivity is a dental problem that affects many people around the world. In a nutshell, having sensitive teeth means experiencing discomfort or pain in your teeth from cold drinks, sweets, hot drinks, cold air or ice cream. Here you can read more tips for sensitive teeth.

  • Symptoms: Pain when eating or drinking cold, hot, acidic or sweet products.
  • Causes: Dental plaque, enamel wear, receding gums.
  • Treatment: Toothpaste for sensitive teeth, fluoride gel, professional treatments.
  • Prevention: Good oral hygiene, mild toothpaste, mouthwash.

Most common dental problems

Gum inflammation

The scientific name for gum disease is periodontitis. It is essentially a bacterial infection resulting from – you guessed it – an accumulation of plaque in the mouth. 1 Gum disease can seriously damage the soft tissue of your gums and affect the bone that supports your teeth if left untreated. This can cause your teeth to become loose or fall out altogether.

  • Symptoms: Red, swollen, bleeding gums, pain when flossing.
  • Causes: Dental plaque, smoking, stress, systemic diseases.
  • Treatment: Professional cleaning, antibiotics, surgical procedures.
  • Prevention: Good oral hygiene, smoking cessation, regular checkups.

Poor breath

Bad breath is one of the most common oral health problems. It is also one of the most worrisome. Bad breath can be caused by several factors, including poor oral hygiene or dry mouth.

  • Symptoms: Halitosis, foul taste in the mouth.
  • Causes: Poor oral hygiene, dry mouth, diseases.
  • Treatment: Good oral hygiene, tongue cleaner, mouthwash, medication.
  • Prevention: Good oral hygiene, drinking water, sugar-free gum.

Cause of dental problems

Everything starts with poor oral hygiene. People who do not take care of their teeth are more likely to have dental problems, from plaque, tooth decay and eventually tooth loss. If you don’t brush your teeth regularly between meals, a sticky layer of bacteria called plaque can form and accumulate on your teeth. If left untreated, it can cause irreparable damage to the enamel, which can eventually lead to permanent loss of gums and teeth.

The treatment of dental problems

Many dental problems can be prevented with the right ones. Some dental or oral problems require a visit to the dentist. He can diagnose and correct the problem. For tooth decay or cavities, a filling may be the best solution. For worse problems, removing the tooth is unavoidable.

What can I do at home to prevent dental problems?

Brushing your teeth regularly with dentist-recommended toothpaste is the best way to have good oral hygiene. Flossing is also not an unnecessary action after every meal to remove food particles. Furthermore, prevention is better than cure and is therefore recommended to visit the dentist for check-ups at least once a year.

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Related Trusted Sources

  • 1. Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG). (2020, 27 februari). Gingivitis and periodontitis: Overview. InformedHealth.org - NCBI Bookshelf. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279593/

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279593/

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Frequently asked questions

Dental problems are problems with your teeth due to poor oral hygiene. These can range from plaque to cavities. Dental problems should be detected quickly to be treated properly and prevent worse.

Many people suffer from plaque. This is because few people brush their teeth twice a day. Common consequences are gingivitis, bad breath and tooth decay.

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