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Sore tongue? The causes and treatment!

Sore tongue? The causes and treatment!

Created: September 29, 2022 | Updated: November 22, 2023

A sore tongue, also known as glossodynia or a burning tongue, is an uncomfortable condition that involves several unpleasant sensations, ranging from a burning sensation, to numbness and stabbing pains in the tongue. It can have a significant impact on a person’s daily life, interfering with eating, speaking and even the general feeling of comfort in the mouth.

What is a sore tongue?

A sore tongue, like a hairy tongue, is an annoying condition. It usually lasts for a short time, but sometimes you can suffer from it for longer. Sometimes you only feel pain when you eat or drink something. If there is pain in the tongue, it often involves swelling or a burning sensation. Discolouration of the tongue, numbness or tingling may also occur. The same goes for a throbbing or stinging sensation.

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What is the cause of a sore and burning sensation in my tongue?

A sore tongue can have several causes. 1 Usually this is something that is visible, such as a painful ulcer, aphthous ulcer or blister. Biting the tongue can also be one of the burning tongue causes. Sometimes it is a less obvious cause. The possible causes are:

Obvious causes

These often include obvious things like small wounds, ulcers (small, painful sores), blisters or even injury from biting the tongue. These can cause local irritations and result in uncomfortable sensations in the mouth.

Less obvious reasons

This includes a wide spectrum of situations ranging from smoking to specific medical conditions such as thrush, a tongue infection, vitamin deficiencies, anaemia and even tongue cancer. These less obvious causes may manifest as persistent symptoms that require further investigation to determine the specific underlying cause.

  • Smoking: Long-term exposure to cigarette smoke can negatively affect oral health and cause various irritations in the oral cavity, including the tongue.
  • Biting the tongue: Incidental biting of the tongue can cause localised injuries that cause pain and discomfort.
  • Too hot or spicy food: Consumption of food that is too hot or highly spiced can irritate the sensitive tissues of the tongue and cause discomfort.
  • Land map tongue: This is a condition in which the tongue looks like a map due to the presence of smooth, pink spots surrounded by white lines. It may be accompanied by pain or sensitivity.
  • Painful sores and blisters: These small lesions on the tongue can cause pain and discomfort, often due to irritation or injury.
  • Spruw: A fungal infection in the mouth that often causes white lesions on the surface of the tongue and other parts of the mouth.
  • Vitamin deficiencies and anaemia: A deficiency of certain vitamins or anaemia can lead to oral problems, including a sore tongue.
  • Tongue inflammation, infection or viruses: Various infections or inflammations can affect the tongue and cause pain.
  • Tongue cancer: A rare but serious condition in which malignant growths form on the tongue, which can cause discomfort and other symptoms.
  • Anaemia: A condition in which the body does not have enough red blood cells can lead to changes in oral health, including a sore tongue.
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What are the symptoms?

When a person suffers from a sore tongue, several symptoms may occur, each of which has its own specific impact on daily life and general well-being. The most common symptoms are:

  • White deposit on the tongue: This can range from a thin layer to a thicker, more prominent covering on the tongue surface. It may indicate a disruption of the normal bacterial balance in the mouth or other underlying conditions.
  • Swelling of the tongue: This can result in a feeling of fullness, discomfort or difficulty moving or speaking.
  • Hairy or hairy appearance of the tongue: This phenomenon can be distressing, with the tongue looking rougher than normal due to changes in the papillae.
  • Burning or tingling sensation: A burning sensation in the tongue, sometimes accompanied by a tingling sensation, may be constant or occur at intervals.
  • Sore spots on the side of the tongue: These may vary in size and intensity and may cause discomfort when eating, drinking or even resting.
  • Pain when talking or swallowing: A sore tongue can make speaking difficult and swallowing uncomfortable, making even the simplest daily actions problematic.
  • Dark red discolouration of the tongue: Changes in the colour of the tongue can indicate internal problems or lack of oral hygiene.
  • Aphthouses, ulcers or bumps on the tongue: These can vary in size and severity, sometimes accompanied by pain and irritation.
  • Significant or throbbing sensation in the tongue: This type of discomfort can occur either periodically or continuously, making it difficult to be comfortable.

Pain relief and prevention

Have you been suffering from burning lips and tongue for a while? If so, don’t stick around with it for too long. The GP and/or dentist can investigate the cause of the sore tongue. Once a diagnosis has been made, the doctor can prescribe a matching treatment. For severe pain, you may be able to use paracetamol or mouth gel with lidocaine.

The influence of oral hygiene on your sore tongue

It is wise to take good care of your mouth and tongue to avoid problems. For instance, you should brush your teeth with toothpaste at least twice a day. Furthermore, mouthwash containing alcohol can cause oral flora disruption as well as dry tongue. So do not use it. It is advisable to floss once a day and visit the dentist and dental hygienist twice a year. Brushing the tongue can help prevent bad breath. Above all, do not do this too hard, as this will cause faster irritation of the tongue.

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Frequently asked questions

Why does my tongue burn? That's a good question. A sore tongue can have several causes. Usually it is something that is visible, for example a painful ulcer, aphthous ulcer or blister. Biting the tongue can also make it very sore. Sometimes this is a less obvious cause such as Vitamin deficiencies, anaemia, infections and/or viruses.

A proper diagnosis is the basis for treatment of tongue pain. The GP and/or dentist can examine the oral cavity and test your blood. Treatment depends on the cause of the tongue pain.

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Sore tongue? The causes and treatment!

A sore tongue, also known as glossodynia or a burning tongue, is an uncomfortable condition that involves several unpleasant sensations, ranging from a <a href="https://www.fleeck.com/blogs/burning-mouth-what-is-burning-mouth-syndrome/">burning sensation</a>, to numbness and stabbing pains in the tongue. It can have a significant impact on a person's daily life, interfering with eating, speaking and even the general feeling of comfort in the mouth. <h2>What is a sore tongue?</h2> A sore tongue, like a <a href="https://www.fleeck.com/blogs/hairy-tongue-cause-and-treatment-of-a-hairy-tongue/">hairy tongue</a>, is an annoying condition. It usually lasts for a short time, but sometimes you can suffer from it for longer. Sometimes you only feel pain when you eat or drink something. If there is pain in the tongue, it often involves swelling or a burning sensation. Discolouration of the tongue, numbness or tingling may also occur. The same goes for a throbbing or stinging sensation. <strong>Best product for you</strong> [highlight product="5207" voordelen="no"] <h2>What is the cause of a sore and burning sensation in my tongue?</h2> A sore tongue can have several causes. [trusted id="1"] Usually this is something that is visible, such as a painful ulcer, aphthous ulcer or blister. Biting the tongue can also be one of the burning tongue causes. Sometimes it is a less obvious cause. The possible causes are: <h3><strong>Obvious causes</strong></h3> These often include obvious things like small wounds, ulcers (small, painful sores), blisters or even injury from biting the tongue. These can cause local irritations and result in uncomfortable sensations in the mouth. <h3><strong>Less obvious reasons</strong></h3> This includes a wide spectrum of situations ranging from smoking to specific medical conditions such as thrush, a tongue infection, vitamin deficiencies, anaemia and even tongue cancer. These less obvious causes may manifest as persistent symptoms that require further investigation to determine the specific underlying cause. <ul> <li><strong>Smoking:</strong> Long-term exposure to cigarette smoke can negatively affect oral health and cause various irritations in the oral cavity, including the tongue.</li> <li><strong>Biting the tongue:</strong> Incidental biting of the tongue can cause localised injuries that cause pain and discomfort.</li> <li><strong>Too hot or spicy food:</strong> Consumption of food that is too hot or highly spiced can irritate the sensitive tissues of the tongue and cause discomfort.</li> <li><strong>Land map tongue:</strong> This is a condition in which the tongue looks like a map due to the presence of smooth, pink spots surrounded by white lines. It may be accompanied by pain or sensitivity.</li> <li><strong>Painful sores and blisters:</strong> These small lesions on the tongue can cause pain and discomfort, often due to irritation or injury.</li> <li><strong>Spruw:</strong> A fungal infection in the mouth that often causes white lesions on the surface of the tongue and other parts of the mouth.</li> <li><strong>Vitamin deficiencies and anaemia:</strong> A deficiency of certain vitamins or anaemia can lead to oral problems, including a sore tongue.</li> <li><strong>Tongue inflammation, infection or viruses:</strong> Various infections or inflammations can affect the tongue and cause pain.</li> <li><strong>Tongue cancer:</strong> A rare but serious condition in which malignant growths form on the tongue, which can cause discomfort and other symptoms.</li> <li><strong>Anaemia:</strong> A condition in which the body does not have enough red blood cells can lead to changes in oral health, including a sore tongue.</li> </ul> [highlight product="5207" voordelen="yes"] <h2>What are the symptoms?</h2> When a person suffers from a sore tongue, several symptoms may occur, each of which has its own specific impact on daily life and general well-being. The most common symptoms are: <ul> <li><strong>White deposit on the tongue:</strong> This can range from a thin layer to a thicker, more prominent covering on the tongue surface. It may indicate a disruption of the normal bacterial balance in the mouth or other underlying conditions.</li> <li><strong>Swelling of the tongue:</strong> This can result in a feeling of fullness, discomfort or difficulty moving or speaking.</li> <li><strong>Hairy or hairy appearance of the tongue:</strong> This phenomenon can be distressing, with the tongue looking rougher than normal due to changes in the papillae.</li> <li><strong>Burning or tingling sensation:</strong> A burning sensation in the tongue, sometimes accompanied by a tingling sensation, may be constant or occur at intervals.</li> <li><strong>Sore spots on the side of the tongue:</strong> These may vary in size and intensity and may cause discomfort when eating, drinking or even resting.</li> <li><strong>Pain when talking or swallowing:</strong> A sore tongue can make speaking difficult and swallowing uncomfortable, making even the simplest daily actions problematic.</li> <li><strong>Dark red discolouration of the tongue:</strong> Changes in the colour of the tongue can indicate internal problems or lack of oral hygiene.</li> <li><strong>Aphthouses, ulcers or bumps on the tongue:</strong> These can vary in size and severity, sometimes accompanied by pain and irritation.</li> <li><strong>Significant or throbbing sensation in the tongue:</strong> This type of discomfort can occur either periodically or continuously, making it difficult to be comfortable.</li> </ul> <h2>Pain relief and prevention</h2> Have you been suffering from burning lips and tongue for a while? If so, don't stick around with it for too long. The GP and/or dentist can investigate the cause of the sore tongue. Once a diagnosis has been made, the doctor can prescribe a matching treatment. For severe pain, you may be able to use paracetamol or mouth gel with lidocaine. <h2>The influence of oral hygiene on your sore tongue</h2> It is wise to take good care of your mouth and tongue to avoid problems. For instance, you should brush your teeth with toothpaste at least twice a day. Furthermore, mouthwash containing alcohol can cause oral flora disruption as well as dry tongue. So do not use it. It is advisable to floss once a day and visit the dentist and dental hygienist twice a year. Brushing the tongue can help prevent bad breath. Above all, do not do this too hard, as this will cause faster irritation of the tongue. <strong>Top 3 recommended products</strong>. [highlight product="5207" badge="no" margin="no"] [highlight product="6476" badge="no" margin="no"] [highlight product="5211" badge="no" margin="no"]

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