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Burning mouth: what is burning mouth syndrome?

Burning mouth: what is burning mouth syndrome?

Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS), also known as burning mouth syndrome, is a rare condition in which people experience chronic pain in the mouth. Symptoms include a metallic or bitter taste and a dry mouth, and it is caused by such things as hormone fluctuations and immune system problems. Through a number of tips, the symptoms of BMS can be reduced, besides which there are a number of methods to prevent it.

What is burning mouth syndrome

Burning mouth syndrome constitutes a rare, chronic condition common in women over the age of 50. This is due to the hormonal fluctuations that often accompany menopause. The syndrome causes a burning sensation in the mouth and also leaves an unpleasant taste in the mouth. It can also cause itching in the oral cavity. BMS occurs in a primary and secondary form, with the secondary form usually caused by an abscess, inflammation or tumour, or direct cause. Primary BMS, on the other hand, is caused by an underlying, indirect cause.

The causes of Burning mouth syndrome

The exact cause of BMS is often difficult to pin down, but the following may play a role:

  • Hormone fluctuations;
  • Anxiety, depression and stress;
  • Allergic reaction to certain mouthwashes and toothpastes or dental prostheses, such as bridges, crowns and dentures;
  • Problems with the immune system;
  • Damage to nerves for pain and taste.

Recognise the symptoms of a burning mouth

The symptoms for BMS can vary in every person, but many people describe the feeling as burning, scalding, tingling, annoying and numb – in short, a burning mouth and throat. Many times, people also experience symptoms at the front of the tongue and the front and back of the palate. Sometimes the lips or the whole mouth hurt, with complaints often increasing in the evening.

Here’s how to relieve a burning mouth

Relief from burning mouth syndrome can be achieved through a number of tips. First of all, you can drink water regularly and suck on an ice cube. In addition to this, chewing gum helps, as it promotes saliva production and eliminates foul tastes. It is also important to avoid spicy and hot food and mouthwash with alcohol. When BMS is caused by an allergy, it is important to avoid the food substance that triggers this reaction. Incidentally, a GP can often prescribe a supplement for this as well.

To reduce BMS symptoms, you can also avoid acidic juices and eat fruit. On the other hand, you should avoid alcohol and tobacco as much as possible, as these are harmful to the oral mucosa. Above all, it is important to maintain good oral hygiene, in addition to which you can visit a dentist or specialist regularly. Products you can use to boost your oral health include toothpaste tablets, an electric or bamboo toothbrush, dental floss and an oil pulling tongue cleaner, all of which are included in our range.

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What can I do to prevent burning mouth?

Preventing burning mouth is possible by avoiding a number of substances and foods, including:

  • Alcohol;
  • Tobacco;
  • Mouthwash containing alcohol;
  • Spicy foods;
  • Foods with a high acid content.

 

The text presented above is intended to spread general health knowledge and is not a substitute for a professional opinion or medical diagnosis. In case of health problems, always contact your attending physician.

 

Frequently asked questions

Burning mouth syndrome is a chronic, rare condition that causes a burning sensation in the mouth and is caused by hormone fluctuations, among other things. It occurs in a primary and secondary form and can cause symptoms in the mouth and throat.

To reduce or prevent burning mouth, it is essential to avoid a number of substances, such as alcohol and tobacco, in addition to drinking enough water and seeking advice from a dentist or specialist.